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Ashe County Genealogy

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The county was formed in 1799 from the northern and western parts of Wilkes County. It was named for Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina from 1795 to 1798.

In 1849 the southwestern part of Ashe County was combined with parts of Caldwell County, Wilkes County, and Yancey County to form Watauga County. In 1859 the eastern part of the remainder of Ashe County became Alleghany County. Source Wikipedia

The county seat of Ashe County is Jefferson. The New River is the main river in Ashe county and is notable for being amongst the oldest rivers in the world and that it flows north (most major rivers in the US flow south, east or west.) One of the major products in Ashe County are Fraser Fir Christmas Trees.

Before European settlement this area was likely settled by indian (Native American) tribes such as the Cherokee, Creek and Shawnee. Early European visits to this area included Bishop Augustus Gottlieb Spangenberg (founder of the Moravian settlement of Wachovia) and Daniel Boone. They did not settle there permanently though.

A Revolutionary War skirmish, “Battle of the Big Glades”, was fought in what is now Ashe County in July of 1780. At this time Ashe was a portion of Washington County and for a time was considered part of the State of Franklin. (Which included Washington, Sullivan and Greene Counties.)

Ashe County NCGenweb site

Ashe County Historical Society
148 Library Dr.
West Jefferson, NC 28694

300x250

Ashe County Courthouse
150 Government Circle, Suite 2500
County Courthouse
Jefferson, NC 28640

Census

1800-1860 Summary of Slaveholders from the Census

1800 Federal Census Index

1800 Federal Census – Morgan District transcription

1800 Federal Census Transcription

1810 Federal Census Index
1810 Federal Census – pg00003.txt referenced in previous index – transcription
1810 Federal Census – pg00010.txt referenced in previous index – transcription

1810 Federal Census Index

1810 Federal Census – transcription

1820 Federal Census Index (Last name only)

1820 Federal Census Index
1820 Federal Census – pg00002.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1820 Federal Census – pg00018.txt referred to in previous index – transcription

1820 Federal Census – transcription

1830 Federal Census Index (Last name only)

1830 Federal Census Index
1830 Federal Census – pg0001.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1830 Federal Census – pg0012.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1830 Federal Census – pg0022.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1830 Federal Census – pg0032.txt referred to in previous index – transcription

1840 Federal Census Index – Last name only

1840 Federal Census Index
1840 Federal Census – pg0001.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1840 Federal Census – pg0008.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1840 Federal Census – pg0015.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1840 Federal Census – pg0022.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1840 Federal Census – pg0029.txt referred to in previous index – transcription

1850 Federal Census Index – Last Name

1850 Federal Census – Index for surnames starting with A-C
1850 Federal Census – Index for surnames starting with D-G
1850 Federal Census – Index for surnames starting with H-L
1850 Federal Census – Index for surnames starting with M-P
1850 Federal Census – Index for surnames starting with Q-T
1850 Federal Census – Index for surnames starting with U-Z

1850 Federal Census – pg0238a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0247a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0256a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0265a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0274a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0283a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0292a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0301a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0310a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0319a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0328a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription

1850 and 1860 Federal Census Slave Mortality Schedules

1860 Federal Census Images

1870 Federal Census Transcription

1870 Federal Census Images (Directory has image files by page number)

1880 Federal Census Index

1880 Federal Census Images (Directory has image files by page number)

1920 Federal Census Transcription (Directory has text files by Enumeration District and page number)

1920 Federal Census transcription – Old Fields Township

Tax records

1815 Tax list

Cemeteries

USGS listing of Ashe County Cemeteries

Cemetery Transcriptions

Query Forums

Ashe County, NC Query Forum

Latest North Carolina Genealogy Query posts for Ashe County from the Forum:

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Ashe County, NC at Genforum

Cities and towns of Ashe County:

Apple Grove
Ashland
Baldwin
Ball
Beaver Creek
Bly
Brandon
Brownwood
Chestnut Hill
Clifton
Comet
Creston
Crumpler
Dolinger
Farmers Store
Fig
Fleetwood
Glendale Springs
Grassy Creek
Grayson
Helton
Husk
Idlewild
Index
Jefferson (County Seat)
Lansing
Little Horse Creek
Mill Creek
Nathans Creek
Orion
Parker
Peden
Rhine
Scottville
Shatley Springs
Smethport
Sturgills
Sussex
Tamarack
Theta
Todd
Toliver
Topia
Treetop
Tuckerdale
Wagoner
Warrensville
Weaversford
West Jefferson
Woodford

News related to Ashe County, NC

“”ashe county” nc” – Google News

Investigation ongoing after threat at Ashe County High School – Watauga Democrat

Investigation ongoing after threat at Ashe County High School  Watauga Democrat

WEST JEFFERSON — An investigation involving a shooting threat at Ashe County High School Thursday, Aug. 29, is ongoing after officials have determined the …




Ashe accepts grant to study feasibility of regional livestock facility – Watauga Democrat

Ashe accepts grant to study feasibility of regional livestock facility  Watauga Democrat

JEFFERSON — The Ashe County Board of Commissioners approved a $27500 grant from the N.C. Agricultural Development & Farmland Preservation Trust …




Three County Car Chase Ended in Ashe County on Monday – Go Blue Ridge

Three County Car Chase Ended in Ashe County on Monday  Go Blue Ridge

The 30-mile chase started in Millers Creek in Wilkes County and ended on Windy Acres Ridge Road in Fleetwood in Ashe County when the pursued car, which …




Bartolini sentenced to up to 15 years for child pornography – Watauga Democrat

Bartolini sentenced to up to 15 years for child pornography  Watauga Democrat

JEFFERSON — More than one year after his arrest, David P. Bartolini pleaded no contest to all four counts of second-degree exploitation of a minor in Ashe …




Dawgberry Blossom – new video from Cane Mill Road – Bluegrass Today

Dawgberry Blossom – new video from Cane Mill Road  Bluegrass Today

Cane Mill Road has released a new single, a live version of Blackberry Blossom, which morphs into a raucous run through David Grisman’s E.M.D..




Monday’s prep football scores, how the Sweet 16 fared, this week’s schedule – Charlotte Observer

Monday’s prep football scores, how the Sweet 16 fared, this week’s schedule  Charlotte Observer

Here are Monday’s high school football scores in North Carolina and South Carolina, plus a look at the how the teams in the Charlotte Observer’s Sweet 16 fared …


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