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Chatham County Genealogy

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The county was formed in 1771 from Orange County. It was named, like Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1758, for William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, who served as British Prime Minister from 1766 to 1768 and opposed harsh colonial policies.

In 1907 parts of Chatham County and Moore County were combined to form Lee County. The award winning PBS Documentary Family Name notes Chatham County as the place the relationship between the African-American and European-American branches of the Alston family originated. George Moses Horton, Historic Poet Laureate of Chatham County, North Carolina (1797?-1883) lived most of his life in Chatham County and is among the few slaves to have published material while still a slave.
Source Wikipedia

The Cape Fear river begins in Chatham County where the Haw and Deep River’s join. This is below B. Everett Jordan Lake which is used for flood control and as a reservoir. It is controlled by the Army Corps of Engineers. It’s also part of the Jordan Lake State Recreation Area. The county is in North Carolina Slate Belt and the groundwater is full of minerals for which a resort near Mt. Vernon Springs gained renown in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The resort is gone, but the springs are owned by a local Church. Chatham county is also home to the only workable coal deposits in the state of North Carolina.

The county seat of Chatham County is Pittsboro. Chatham County contains the following townships: Albright, Baldwin, Bear Creek, Cape Fear, Center, Gulf, Hadley, Haw River, Hickory Mountain, Matthews, New Hope, Oakland, and Williams.

Sites of interest in Chatham County are the Carnivore Preservation Trust, Chatham County Historical Museuem, Jordan Lake Educational State Forest, the North Carolina Railroad Museum and the Fearrington Village and House.

Chatham County NCGenweb Site
Chatham County NCGenweb Archives (Digital Library)

Chatham County Historical Association, Inc.
P.O. Box 913
Pittsboro, NC 27312

300x250

Chatham County Courthouse
PO Box 87
County Courthouse
Pittsboro, NC 27312

Chatham County Public Libraries
The Wren Memorial Library
500 N. 2nd Avenue
Siler City, NC 27344

Census

1790 Federal Census – Hillsborough District – transcription

1800 Federal Census Index

1800 Federal Census transcription – part 1 of 3
1800 Federal Census transcription – part 2 of 3
1800 Federal Census transcription – part 3 of 3

1810 Federal Census Index

1820 Federal Census Index – by last name only

1820 Federal Census transcription Directory opens to listing of text files 1820cena.txt through 1820cend.txt

1830 Federal Census Index – by last name only

1840 Federal Census Index – by last name only

1850 Federal Census Index – by last name only

1850 Federal Census and Index transcribed Directory opens to listing of text files for index *(idx .txt) and text files by page number (pg .txt)

1850 Federal Census Transcription – Lower regiment

1850 Federal Census Transcription – Lower regiment – Free blacks

1850 Federal Census Transcription – Upper Regiment

1850 Federal Census Transcription – Upper Regiment – Free Blacks

Cemeteries

USGS listing of Cemeteries of Chatham County

Cemetery Transcriptions

Query Forums

Chatham County, NC Query Forum
Latest North Carolina Genealogy Query posts for Chatham County from the Forum:

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Chatham County, NC at Genforum

Cities and towns of Chatham County:

Bear Creek
Bennett
Bonlee
Bynum
Fearrington Village
Goldston
Gulf
Harpers Crossroads
Moncure
Pittsboro (County Seat)
Siler City
Silk Hope

News related to Chatham County, NC

“”chatham county” nc” – Google News

Chatham County testing shows elevated levels of Chromium 6 in 100+ wells – The Progressive Pulse

Chatham County testing shows elevated levels of Chromium 6 in 100+ wells  The Progressive Pulse

More than half the drinking water wells tested in Chatham County contained levels of contaminants associated with coal ash that were above the state’s health …




Historic Apex home destroyed in fire near Chatham County – WRAL.com

Historic Apex home destroyed in fire near Chatham County  WRAL.com

A house destroyed in a fire on Wednesday morning has a property tax value around $2.6 million, according to a Wake County real estate search.




Chatham County takes the lead in opioid battle with a class action suit – Chatham Journal Weekly

Chatham County takes the lead in opioid battle with a class action suit  Chatham Journal Weekly

Pttsboro, NC – Chatham County will take a lead role in the fight to battle the opioid crisis through a class action suit.




Chatham Council on Aging is rolling out Community Ambassador Program – Chatham Journal Weekly

Chatham Council on Aging is rolling out Community Ambassador Program  Chatham Journal Weekly

Pittsboro, NC – One major goal of the Chatham County Council on Aging this summer is rolling out the new Community Ambassador Program. Pittsboro senior …




Hillsborough man claims $1.7 million lottery prize from scratch-off ticket – Durham Herald Sun

Hillsborough man claims $1.7 million lottery prize from scratch-off ticket  Durham Herald Sun

Rodney Emory of Hillsborough won the top prize of $4 million playing $150 Million Cash Explosion, according to a news release from the NC Education Lottery.




Albemarle Lt. Mike Wagner to be police chief of N.C. town – The Daily Progress

Albemarle Lt. Mike Wagner to be police chief of N.C. town  The Daily Progress

Siler City, North Carolina, announced Albemarle County Police Lt. Mike Wagner’s hiring this week, effective June 3, according to the Chatham News and …


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