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Ashe County Genealogy

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The county was formed in 1799 from the northern and western parts of Wilkes County. It was named for Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina from 1795 to 1798.

In 1849 the southwestern part of Ashe County was combined with parts of Caldwell County, Wilkes County, and Yancey County to form Watauga County. In 1859 the eastern part of the remainder of Ashe County became Alleghany County. Source Wikipedia

The county seat of Ashe County is Jefferson. The New River is the main river in Ashe county and is notable for being amongst the oldest rivers in the world and that it flows north (most major rivers in the US flow south, east or west.) One of the major products in Ashe County are Fraser Fir Christmas Trees.

Before European settlement this area was likely settled by indian (Native American) tribes such as the Cherokee, Creek and Shawnee. Early European visits to this area included Bishop Augustus Gottlieb Spangenberg (founder of the Moravian settlement of Wachovia) and Daniel Boone. They did not settle there permanently though.

A Revolutionary War skirmish, “Battle of the Big Glades”, was fought in what is now Ashe County in July of 1780. At this time Ashe was a portion of Washington County and for a time was considered part of the State of Franklin. (Which included Washington, Sullivan and Greene Counties.)

Ashe County NCGenweb site

Ashe County Historical Society
148 Library Dr.
West Jefferson, NC 28694

300x250

Ashe County Courthouse
150 Government Circle, Suite 2500
County Courthouse
Jefferson, NC 28640

Census

1800-1860 Summary of Slaveholders from the Census

1800 Federal Census Index

1800 Federal Census – Morgan District transcription

1800 Federal Census Transcription

1810 Federal Census Index
1810 Federal Census – pg00003.txt referenced in previous index – transcription
1810 Federal Census – pg00010.txt referenced in previous index – transcription

1810 Federal Census Index

1810 Federal Census – transcription

1820 Federal Census Index (Last name only)

1820 Federal Census Index
1820 Federal Census – pg00002.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1820 Federal Census – pg00018.txt referred to in previous index – transcription

1820 Federal Census – transcription

1830 Federal Census Index (Last name only)

1830 Federal Census Index
1830 Federal Census – pg0001.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1830 Federal Census – pg0012.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1830 Federal Census – pg0022.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1830 Federal Census – pg0032.txt referred to in previous index – transcription

1840 Federal Census Index – Last name only

1840 Federal Census Index
1840 Federal Census – pg0001.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1840 Federal Census – pg0008.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1840 Federal Census – pg0015.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1840 Federal Census – pg0022.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1840 Federal Census – pg0029.txt referred to in previous index – transcription

1850 Federal Census Index – Last Name

1850 Federal Census – Index for surnames starting with A-C
1850 Federal Census – Index for surnames starting with D-G
1850 Federal Census – Index for surnames starting with H-L
1850 Federal Census – Index for surnames starting with M-P
1850 Federal Census – Index for surnames starting with Q-T
1850 Federal Census – Index for surnames starting with U-Z

1850 Federal Census – pg0238a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0247a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0256a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0265a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0274a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0283a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0292a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0301a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0310a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0319a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription
1850 Federal Census – pg0328a.txt referred to in previous index – transcription

1850 and 1860 Federal Census Slave Mortality Schedules

1860 Federal Census Images

1870 Federal Census Transcription

1870 Federal Census Images (Directory has image files by page number)

1880 Federal Census Index

1880 Federal Census Images (Directory has image files by page number)

1920 Federal Census Transcription (Directory has text files by Enumeration District and page number)

1920 Federal Census transcription – Old Fields Township

Tax records

1815 Tax list

Cemeteries

USGS listing of Ashe County Cemeteries

Cemetery Transcriptions

Query Forums

Ashe County, NC Query Forum

Latest North Carolina Genealogy Query posts for Ashe County from the Forum:

North Carolina Genealogy Forum: Forum: Ashe County NC Genealogy Queries – Recent Topics

dlewis on “Ashe Co., NC Lewis Family”

To Ruby Coleman and Angie Waldo and anyone else interested in the Lewises of Ashe County NC: I just discovered this web site for descendants of Gideon Lewis, Sr. Awesome! I am very new to this research but I am very excited to see so much out there.
I believe I am one of the descendants of Gideon Sr. I am intested in contacting cousins and sharing infromation. I am also interested to know if any of my direct ancestors fought in the Revolutionary war. – DAR wannabe :-) Let me know when you can, Debbie Lewis, Columbus, Ohio (originally from Beckley WV.
Here is what I think I have discovered about my father’s direct line:

GIDEON LEWIS, SR., b. abt. 1730, VA/NC (?), poss. Wales or England; d. after 1801, Ashe Co., NC or Barren Co., KY; m. abt. 1764 Nancy Osborne, b. abt. 1735, VA; d. June 12, 1812, Ashe Co., NC.

GIDEON LEWIS, JR., Captain, 1st Company, 5th NC Militia – War of 1812, b. c. 1765, Ashe Co., NC, d. 17 June or July 1842. Married to Sarah Eve Jones b. c.1785, d. c.1825. At least one other wife, possibly more. 14 children. Possibly others by second wife.

NATHAN LEWIS, b. abt. 1801, Ashe Co., NC, d. after 1870

CALVIN LEWIS, b. abt. 1830, Ashe Co., NC, d. 1901

ERVIN WASHINGTON LEWIS, b. Apr. 1865, Ashe Co., NC m. 1892 to Nettie Belle Foster, d. June 8, 1955 (Beckley, WV), 9 children – 6 survived

CALVIN DOUGLAS LEWIS, b. 1917, Ashe Co., NC, d. 1972 (Washington DC) – name was originally Francis King Lewis but was changed

Calvin’s (may father) children by his second marriage to Mable Louise Cooney (my mother)are: CHARLES EDWARD LEWIS, b. July 1951, d. April 1999, BARBARA LEE LEWIS, b Feb. 21, 1953 (Living), THOMAS ALLEN LEWIS, b. Nov. 11, 1955 (Living), Deborah Sue Lewis, b. March 29, 1958 (myself)

Calvin Douglas was my father, however, his birth certificate was amended from Francis King to Calvin Douglas – there was not a Francis and a Douglas.

Francis King Lewis – name changed to Calvin Douglas Lewis
Born: 2 MAR 1917 – North Fork Twp., Ashe County, NC
Died: MAR 1972 – Washington, DC




Ruby Coleman on “Ashe Co., NC Lewis Family”

I am researching the Lewis family of Ashe Co., NC. Specifically, I have researched for years the ancestry of “old” Gideon Lewis who was probably born about 1730 and left descendants in Ashe Co., NC. At this point in my research, I am trying to secure as much information as possible on his descendants. If you connect to Gideon Lewis (he also had a son Capt. Gideon Lewis), please consider sharing your family information and I will do the same. Thanks. Ruby Coleman




loreece on “Thomas Isaac Mills, Thomas”

I have run into a brickwall with my g g g grandfather Thomas Isaac Mills. Born abt. 1818-1821 in North Carolina. Thomas Isaac Mills. Below is the information I have for Thomas I. Mills. Would love to hear from anyone else researching Thomas I. Mills and his ancestors or descendants.
************************************************************************
Thomas Isaac Mills was born Abt. 1818 in North Carolinaand died Aft. 1880. He married Nancy E. Lawrence from Tennessee Bef. 1846 in Alabama. She was born Abt. 1823 in Tennessee, and died Aft. 1880.

Notes for Thomas Isaac Mills:
Isaac may be spelled incorrectly.

The 1880 Polk County, Arkansas census records indicate Thomas was born in North Carolina. The same census indicates his father was born in Virginia and his mother was born in North Carolina. Their names are not known.

Thomas’s exact whereabouts are not known between 1818 and 1846. A record of him was founs in the 1850 census for Polk County, Arkansas. The census indicated his first three children were born in Alabama, so we can assume he lived there from at least 1846 when their first son Henry was born until sometime in 1849 when their son Thomas J. was born. Notes from research done earlier by Mary D. Robinson show that Thomas and Nancy were married in Alabama, but we have not been able to confirm this.

In the 1850 census Thomas is listed as a carpenter, and in the 1860 census as a farmer. That census also indicated he had $1,200 in real estate and $1,800 in personal property. In the 1860′s Thomas I. Mills and his family lived in the log cabin which still exists on its original site, located in Janssen Park in Mena, AR. His daughter Nancy married Elijah Cagle in the cabin in 1869. During this time Thomas contracted to handle the six mail routes out of old Dallas, the county seat, handling mail to and from Hot Springs, Fort Smith, Arkadelphia, and other points in Howard and Sevier counties. The 1860 census shows three mail carriers living in the Mills household.




loreece on “Thomas Isaac Mills”

I have run into a brickwall with my g g g grandfather Thomas Isaac Mills. Born abt. 1818-1821 in North Carolina. Thomas Isaac Mills. Below is the information I have for Thomas I. Mills. Would love to hear from anyone else researching Thomas I. Mills and his ancestors or descendants.
************************************************************************
Thomas Isaac Mills was born Abt. 1818 in North Carolinaand died Aft. 1880. He married Nancy E. Lawrence from Tennessee Bef. 1846 in Alabama. She was born Abt. 1823 in Tennessee, and died Aft. 1880.

Notes for Thomas Isaac Mills:
Isaac may be spelled incorrectly.

The 1880 Polk County, Arkansas census records indicate Thomas was born in North Carolina. The same census indicates his father was born in Virginia and his mother was born in North Carolina. Their names are not known.

Thomas’s exact whereabouts are not known between 1818 and 1846. A record of him was founs in the 1850 census for Polk County, Arkansas. The census indicated his first three children were born in Alabama, so we can assume he lived there from at least 1846 when their first son Henry was born until sometime in 1849 when their son Thomas J. was born. Notes from research done earlier by Mary D. Robinson show that Thomas and Nancy were married in Alabama, but we have not been able to confirm this.

In the 1850 census Thomas is listed as a carpenter, and in the 1860 census as a farmer. That census also indicated he had $1,200 in real estate and $1,800 in personal property. In the 1860′s Thomas I. Mills and his family lived in the log cabin which still exists on its original site, located in Janssen Park in Mena, AR. His daughter Nancy married Elijah Cagle in the cabin in 1869. During this time Thomas contracted to handle the six mail routes out of old Dallas, the county seat, handling mail to and from Hot Springs, Fort Smith, Arkadelphia, and other points in Howard and Sevier counties. The 1860 census shows three mail carriers living in the Mills household.


Ashe County, NC at Genforum

Cities and towns of Ashe County:

Apple Grove
Ashland
Baldwin
Ball
Beaver Creek
Bly
Brandon
Brownwood
Chestnut Hill
Clifton
Comet
Creston
Crumpler
Dolinger
Farmers Store
Fig
Fleetwood
Glendale Springs
Grassy Creek
Grayson
Helton
Husk
Idlewild
Index
Jefferson (County Seat)
Lansing
Little Horse Creek
Mill Creek
Nathans Creek
Orion
Parker
Peden
Rhine
Scottville
Shatley Springs
Smethport
Sturgills
Sussex
Tamarack
Theta
Todd
Toliver
Topia
Treetop
Tuckerdale
Wagoner
Warrensville
Weaversford
West Jefferson
Woodford

News related to Ashe County, NC

“ashe county” nc – Google News

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New tool available to fight cancer – Jefferson Post

New tool available to fight cancer
Jefferson Post
RALEIGH — An updated resource for fighting cancer in North Carolina and Ashe County is now available to citizens and medical professionals through the N.C. Department of Health and Human Services. The publication, “Reducing the Burden of Cancer in …

and more »




BREAKING: Ashe County Sheriff Terry Buchanan indicted – Jefferson Post


Jefferson Post
BREAKING: Ashe County Sheriff Terry Buchanan indicted
Jefferson Post
That's according to a special grand jury session which was convened at the Ashe County Courthouse on Oct. 23, which returned six true bills of indictment. Although grand juries have other responsibilities, according to the North Carolina School of …
Ashe Co sheriff facing criminal charges, suspended from office stemming from WBTV records requestWBTV

all 4 news articles »




Marc Payne to retire after 43 years – Jefferson Post


Jefferson Post
Marc Payne to retire after 43 years
Jefferson Post
WEST JEFFERSON — After 43 years of teaching, coaching and handling all athletic director duties at Ashe County High School, Marc Payne has decided that it's time to call it a career. Payne spent 14 years at Beaver Creek, 13 years at Watauga and the




Book is ode to Ashe County trees – Wilkes Journal Patriot

Book is ode to Ashe County trees
Wilkes Journal Patriot
Munroe wrote, “In Ashe County, North Carolina, there is one mistakable truth. Trees are everywhere they aren't…. Trees are relentless in their claim to these mountains. They are like an army on the border, ready to take over.” “The Trees of Ashe




Ashe County sheriff indicted for obstruction of justice – WSOC Charlotte


WSOC Charlotte
Ashe County sheriff indicted for obstruction of justice
WSOC Charlotte
JEFFERSON, N.C. – The Ashe County sheriff has been indicted on several charges, including obstruction of justice. The grand jury indicted Sheriff Terry Buchanan on three counts of felony obstruction of justice and three counts of misdemeanor willful
Ashe County sheriff indicted, accused of launching unlawful investigations to delay releasing public recordsGreensboro News & Record

all 3 news articles »


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