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Mecklenburg County Genealogy

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Mecklenburg County was formed in 1762 from the western part of Anson County. It was named for the German Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744-1818), who had become queen consort of King George III the previous year. She is also the eponym of Mecklenburg County’s county seat and largest city, Charlotte.

In 1768 the part of Mecklenburg County west of the Catawba River became Tryon County. The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence was allegedly signed on May 20, 1775; if the document is indeed genuine, Mecklenburg County was the first part of the Thirteen Colonies to declare independence from Great Britain. Some have disputed the the story of the Mecklenburg Declaration. Saying it was written around 1800 as an attempt to reconstruct from memory the 1775 Mecklenburg Resolves, the Resolves fell short of a full declaration of independence. The argument is that the writer of the 1800 document misunderstood the Resolves as a Declaration of Independence and borrowed language from the United States Declaration of Independence. “Meck Dec Day” was celebrated on May 20 in North Carolina although it’s no longer an official holiday. For more on the Mecklenburg Declaration you can visit

In 1792 the northeastern part of Mecklenburg County became Cabarrus County. Finally, in 1842 the southeastern part of Mecklenburg County was combined with the western part of Anson County to become Union County.

During the September-October British occupation of Charlotte the city was nicknamed a “Hornet’s Nest” by Banastre Tarleton. That name stuck and is a symbol still used in Charlotte for their city. (It also lended the name to the Hornet’s basketball franchise which have since moved.) October 3, 1780 there was a skirmish at McIntyre’s Farm sometimes referred to as the Battle of McIntyre’s farm or the McIntyre Skirmish. It was located (then) 7 miles from Charlotte. It took place when a party of 300 Redcoats went on a foraging expedition towards the vicinity of Hopewell Baptist Church. They met fierce resistance from a group of 14 which forced them to return back to Charlotte. (Their headquarters was at the Thomas Polk house.) This may be one of the better documented skirmishes of that occupation, but I’m sure it wasn’t the only event leading them to term this area a Hornet’s Nest.

James Knox Polk, the eleventh President of the United States, was born here in 1795 in what is now Pineville. From the Wikipedia.

Charlotte has seen aggressive growth in recent years expanding into the townships that were previously known. The census still tracks these (except for Sharon), but outside of statistical purposes they are not used:

* Charlotte Township – completely annexed into the City of Charlotte
* Mallard Creek Township – greatly reduced by Charlotte annexation
* Crab Orchard Township – greatly reduced by Charlotte annexation
* Clear Creek Township – greatly reduced by Charlotte and Mint Hill annexation
* Morning Star Township – almost entirely annexed by Charlotte, Mint Hill, and Matthews
* Sharon Township – completely annexed into Charlotte and eliminated
* Providence Township – almost entirely annexed into Charlotte
* Pineville Township – mostly annexed by the City of Pineville
* Steele Creek Township – greatly reduced by Charlotte annexation
* Berryhill Township – greatly reduced by Charlotte annexation
* Paw Creek Township – greatly reduced by Charlotte annexation
* Long Creek Township – greatly reduced by Charlotte annexation
* Deweese Township – reduced by Davidson and Cornelius annexation
* Huntersville Township – reduced by Huntersville annexation
* Lemley Township – mostly beneath Lake Norman since it was created in 1963, and reduced by Huntersville annexation

Mecklenburg County Genealogy Resources

Mecklenburg County NCGenWeb

Mecklenburg County NCGenWeb Archives

Mecklenburg County Genealogy site

Olde Mecklenburg Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 32453
Charlotte, NC 28232

Historic Places in Mecklenburg County

Historic Rosedale Plantation


Mecklenburg County Government

Charlotte Mecklenburg Official Site

Mecklenburg Register of Deeds/Vital Records


1790 Federal Census Transcription

1850 Federal Census Index

1910 Federal Census Transcription – Partial Transcription of ED108

Mecklenburg County Cemeteries

USGS Listing of Cemeteries in Mecklenburg County, NC

Cemetery Transcriptions

Mecklenburg County Cemetery Census

Query Forums

Mecklenburg County, NC Query Forum

Latest North Carolina Genealogy Query posts for Mecklenburg County from the Forum:

North Carolina Genealogy Forum: Forum: Mecklenburg County NC Genealogy Queries – Recent Topics

travel1944 on “John Short- 1807- ? Died before 1860″

John Short was my g, g grandfather and was married to Nancy. They had seven children as follows:

George Washington Short- (1830-1912) Died in Mississippi, Civil War veteran

Mary Short- (1832-

John Short Jr- (1836- Went to Mississippi, Civil War veteran

Minor JacKson Short- (1837-1930) Died in Union County, NC, Civil War veteran (my great grandfather)

Sarah Short- (1840

James E Short- (1843- stayed in NC, Civil War veteran

I am trying to find ancestors of both John and Nancy- can anyone help? Thanks

DavisVP on “DUDLEY Family 1920 to present”

My Great Grandfather is John William Strauss Dudley (m. to Chess Rutledge). I think they had 4 daughters (Hattie, Mary, Florence (or Wayne) and Faith). I have lost touch with this line and would like to connect with them. If you have any information, I would appreciate it. Thank you!

rodney bowers on “william hannah/hanna”

looking for willliam hannah, b 1751 mecklenburg, who was probably married to jane white. he lived in the tryon, nc/york, sc region until around 1780 and was in greene co., tn, by 1787 and died there around 1818. he was probably the son of william, b 1725 ulster, ireland, who died 1769 in mecklenburg and margaret brandon, who died after 1770. thanks. rodney bowers

Kennith A. Simpson on “Trying to locate information”

John W. Simpson, born 1803, North Carolina, unable to find any record of him. May have been born in Mecklenburg NC. Died 1888 Wyoming West Virginia. J. W. Simpson, born 1811 Mecklenburg NC, not same John W.

Also, invstigating rumor that Cherokee Indians, made a raid from Virginia into North Carolina after 1803 took J. W. Simpson captive and removed him to Virginia (what was to become West Virginia). Can not verify this information. Searching for any record of Indian Raids in area resulting in captives being taken, during the trail of tears.

Thanks for any help you may give.

Faye Marie on “Adams, Linsey”

Looking for any information on Linsey (Lindsy) Adams. He is an African American male who was born in Charlotte, North Carolina sometime around 1883. He is noted as being light brown. His occupation was a minister. At some point, he left NC and went to SC – which is where he met and married my great grandmother Iola. Any information on his parents, siblings or any decendents would be greatly appreciated.

glad on “McGehee, McGhee,McGee in Mecklenburg”

I am looking for parents, siblings and first wife for my William McGehee/McGhee/McGee and sometimes McKee. William was a Rev War Patriot from Mecklenburg and lived about 12 miles from Charlotte. He lived there until about 1803 then migrated to Montgomery Co., TN, Christian Co., KY then onto Illinois where he died 1843 in McLean Co. His know children were William Jr, Mary who married Rev Thomas Tovrea, and Elishua. His unknown first wife, my ancestor died prior to 1810 when he married a second time to Rebecca Satterfield Downs in Montgomery Co., TN. Rebecca was the widow of William Downs who I suspect was also from Mecklenburg.

Mecklenburg County, NC at Genforum

News related to Mecklenburg County, NC

“mecklenburg county” nc – Google News

Inmate caught trying to escape Mecklenburg County jail | WSOC-TV – WSOC Charlotte

WSOC Charlotte
Inmate caught trying to escape Mecklenburg County jail | WSOC-TV
WSOC Charlotte
The sheriff's office said detention officers caught an inmate trying to escape from the Mecklenburg County jail.
Sheriff: Inmate caught trying to escape Mecklenburg County jailWBTV
Inmate Captured Within 4 Minutes After Escape AttemptU.S. News & World Report

all 6 news articles »

Who will police unincorporated areas of Mecklenburg County? – WCNC

Who will police unincorporated areas of Mecklenburg County?
The Mecklenburg County Board of Commissioners voted last week to pull the contract giving CMPD jurisdiction. "The County has given notice that we will cancel the contract by the end of this month unless the city decides to work with us," said
Police chief Putney says CMPD is best option for unincorporated areasWSOC Charlotte
CMPD Officer's Body Cam Shows He Pressed Gun To An Unarmed Man's Head, He's Now A Davidson

all 19 news articles »

Mecklenburg County Parks working to make greenways safer – WSOC Charlotte

WSOC Charlotte
Mecklenburg County Parks working to make greenways safer
WSOC Charlotte
CHARLOTTE, N.C. – Weeks after a woman was attacked at McAlpine Greenway in south Charlotte, the Mecklenburg County Parks and Recreation Department is working to make greenways safer. The county department is posting safety signs along trails and …

Preparations underway in Mecklenburg County to prevent Zika – WSOC Charlotte

WSOC Charlotte
Preparations underway in Mecklenburg County to prevent Zika
WSOC Charlotte
CHARLOTTE, N.C.Mecklenburg County is already talking about ways to prevent the spread of mosquitoes this summer. Last year, almost every state in the U.S., including the Carolinas, reported travel-related cases, and millions of dollars were pouring

Mecklenburg County court system conducts record expungement clinic – WSOC Charlotte

WSOC Charlotte
Mecklenburg County court system conducts record expungement clinic
WSOC Charlotte
CHARLOTTE, N.C. – Someone trying to have their criminal record expunged can spend thousands of dollars. But Mecklenburg County's court system offered a chance this weekend for people to have their criminal records expunged for free. Hundreds of …

Mecklenburg Co. one of NC’s healthiest, study shows – WCNC

Mecklenburg Co. one of NC's healthiest, study shows
CHARLOTTE, N.C. – Mecklenburg County is one of the healthiest counties in North Carolina, according to a recent study. The eighth annual County Health Rankings were released by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the University of Wisconsin …
Study: Mecklenburg ranks among top 10 healthiest counties in NCWSOC Charlotte
Wake again ranked the healthiest NC countyNews & Observer

all 256 news articles »

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