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Buncombe County Genealogy

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Buncombe County Genealogy – History, Creation and Facts

The county was formed in 1791 from parts of Burke County and Rutherford County. It was named for Edward Buncombe, a colonel in the American Revolutionary War, who was captured at the Battle of Germantown.

In 1808 the western part of Buncombe County became Haywood County. In 1833 parts of Burke County and Buncombe County were combined to form Yancey County, and in 1838 the southern part of what was left of Buncombe County became Henderson County. Finally, in 1851 parts of Buncombe County and Yancey County were combined to form Madison County.

Buncombe County has contributed a word to the English language. In the Sixteenth Congress, after lengthy debate on the Missouri Compromise, members of the House called for an immediate vote on that important question. Instead, Felix Walker, whose district included Buncombe County, rose to address his colleagues, insisting that his constituents expected him to make a speech “for Buncombe.” It was later remarked that Walker’s untimely and irrelevant oration was not just for Buncombe–it “was Buncombe.” Thus, “buncombe,” afterwards spelled “bunkum” and then shortened to “bunk,” became a term for empty, nonsensical talk. Source Wikipedia

Buncombe county is the father (mother?) of all of the western counties. Originally, it’s dimensions were so vast, it was referred to as the “state” of Buncombe. The County seat of Buncombe County is Asheville. The county currently is split into the following townships: Asheville, Avery Creek, Black Mountain, Broad River, Fairview, Flat Creek, French Broad, Ivy, Leicester, Limestone, Lower Hominy, Reems Creek, Sandy Mush, Swannanoa, and Upper Hominy.

Among the notable locations in Buncombe County: The Biltmore Estate, Grove Park Inn, Thomas Wolfe House, Vance Birthplace, the Folk Art Center (located on the Blue Ridge Parkway), Pisgah National Forest, and the Grove Arcade, Basilica of St. Lawrence. Asheville has a great Urban Trail with markers in a self guided tour.

Buncombe County NCGenweb Site

The Old Buncombe County Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 2122
Asheville, NC 28802

covers the counties that Buncombe originally entailed which is most of current Western North Carolina. (covers present day Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Madison, Swain, and Transylvania Counties)


Buncombe County Courthouse
60 Courthouse Plaza
Asheville, NC 28801
Probably the best public library for research in the county. (Some other libraries in the Asheville Buncombe system have specific content to the town, such as the Weaverville library.)

Pack Memorial Library
67 Haywood Street
Asheville, NC. 28801

Search the Pack Library Special Collections online

Asheville-Buncombe Library System

If you’re interested in Weaverville history and visiting. There is the Dry Ridge Museum which is in the basement of the Library in Weaverville on Main Street. Neat collection of photos, books, etc.

Weaverville Branch of Asheville-Buncombe Library System
41 N. Main Street
Weaverville, NC 28787
The Church of Jesus Christ of Later-Day Saints has a reading room at their Church building on Sweeten Creek Rd. in the Arden area.

Buncombe County Genealogy – Records


1800 Federal Census index

1810 Federal Census index online text

1820 Federal Census index

1830 Federal Census index

1840 Federal Census index

1850 Federal Census index online text Directory opens to listing of text files by starting page number.


USGS listing of cemeteries of Buncombe County

Cemetery Transcriptions

Buncombe County Genealogy – Other Resources

Query Forums

Buncombe County, NC Query Forum

Latest North Carolina Genealogy Query posts for Buncombe County from the Forum:

North Carolina Genealogy Forum: Forum: Buncombe County NC Genealogy Queries – Recent Topics

lynnsisk on “Alexander,Baldwin,corn,king and Sisk family of NC”

We are looking for the family of Pinkney Alexander who married a Jane Baldwin,had a daughter named Annie Epsie ALexander,she married a George Derice L Corn,they had a daughter named Helen Agatha Corn who married Leslie Monroe King.They had a daughter named Thelma Kathleen King who married Earl William Sisk Sr. They all were suppose to be from Asheville North Carolina. I know Corn’s also came from Virginia.Alexander’s we have no clue. We cant find any information on Pinkney Alexander and his wife.Some say he has a statue in Asheville Nc,no idea,cant find it.His wife Jane Baldwin is suppose to be Cherokee Indian,and I guess from we were told so is alot of Corn’s..Does anyone have any idea about any of these families and if you do will you please help. I know more about the Sisk side than I do about the rest,so if anyone can help with the first 4 families it would be great,none of us are close enough to go look for ourselves and no idea where to look for more information…Thank you

burgessca on “Espie Caroline Kirkland”

According to my research: Nathan Kirkland-Cherokee Indian Chief- (Cheesesquire) 1750 NC – 1851 or 1880 (Robbinsville, NC)-M- Lilly Berry Faw 1758 – had 9 children the first in 1781 James Altonia Kirkland NC -M- Susan Boston 1783 – NC who had 11 children the fourth born in 1810 was Espie Caroline Kirkland -M- Benjamin Kirkland (1st. cousins). They had 10 children. I have more info if you would like to contact me.

THunter on “1832-1865 Robert M. Jones or Robert Lewis Jones wife Clarissa Hughey Asheville”

I’ve now found out that my ggGrandfather Robert M. Jones may have really been Robert Lewis Jones instead. He was still married to Clarissa Hughey and after his death she married a Samuel Stroup of Swannanoa, NC. Robert and Clarissa had two children that I know of Harriett Roxana and William Jones but may have had two more that I know nothing about. My gGrandfather is William and gGrandmother was Sallie Morgan Jones. Any help would be much appreciated. I’ve searched everywhere and haven’t had any luck. The Hughey family still lives in the Asheville area but I’ve not found any that are connected to Clarissa. The Stroup family still live in the Swannanoa area too, but again I’ve not found any that are connected to Harriett Roxanna and Samuel Stroup family.

THunter on “1832-1861 Robert M. Jones husband to Clarissa Hughey”

I’ve searched everywhere and can’t find any info on my gggrandfather Robert M. Jones. He married Clarissa Hughey (Samuel Hughey and Margaret Young Brank’s daughter) She had been married before to Laffyette Patton from Swannanoa, NC and after Robert she married Sam Stroup of Swannanoa so I thought Robert must be from that area too, but I can’t find anything on him. A lot of the Jones from my family was buried in Clarks Chappel Cemetery and a lot of them lived in Weaverville. Any help on finding out about Robert M. Jones would be appreciated.

Ilene Nutt on “Mitchell family and Breedlove or Budlove family”

Looking for information about Martha E. Budlove or Breedlove with two children, Celia JC Budlove or Breedlove, and Elijah LWJEWPS (strange initials listed in 1860 Census Record.Martha and children were living with her parents William M. and Barby (Martha)Mitchell. They were living in Shoal Creek, Cherokee County N.C. at the time of the census.

Ilene Nutt on “Benjamin Kirkland born 1802 Rutherford County”

Looking for information about Benjamin Kirkland born 1802 in Rutherford County.


Buncombe County, NC at Genforum

Cities and towns in Buncombe County:

Asheville (County Seat)
Black Mountain
Enka Village
Oak Park
Royal Pines
West Asheville
West Haven

News related to Buncombe County, NC

“buncombe county” nc – Google News

Former Buncombe County manager Wanda Greene under investigation – Asheville Citizen-Times

Asheville Citizen-Times
Former Buncombe County manager Wanda Greene under investigation
Asheville Citizen-Times
K. Ray Bailey, who served on the Buncombe County Board of Commissioners from 2008-2012, said: “We always believed she was the best county manager in North Carolina. We never questioned any of the actions that she took.” Bailey, who also was the …
Former Buncombe County manager Wanda Greene under federal investigationWLOS

all 2 news articles »

Feds probing former Buncombe County Manager Greene – Mountain Xpress

Mountain Xpress
Feds probing former Buncombe County Manager Greene
Mountain Xpress
In reaching out to the N.C. State Bureau of Investigation, we were told by email: “The FBI's [spokesperson] is handling media calls about the Wanda Greene case,” suggesting that a case had indeed been opened. Xpress called a number believed to be …

and more »

Authorities asking for help finding suspect involved in Fletcher armed robbery – WLOS

Authorities asking for help finding suspect involved in Fletcher armed robbery
Buncombe County, N.C. (WLOS) — The Buncombe County Sheriff's Office requests the public's assistance in identifying and locating a suspect in an armed robbery that occurred in Fletcher Wednesday night. The incident took place at Molly's Market located …

and more »

Property tax notices sent out in Buncombe County – WLOS

Property tax notices sent out in Buncombe County
"This was a reappraisal year,” Keith Miller, interim tax director for Buncombe County, said. “So, the values did change, and their tax bill will be different than it was last year." According to Miller, most municipalities and fire districts adjusted

FBI can ‘neither confirm nor deny’ probe of former County Manager Greene – Mountain Xpress

Mountain Xpress
FBI can 'neither confirm nor deny' probe of former County Manager Greene
Mountain Xpress
The Federal Bureau of Investigation appears to have opened a case involving former Buncombe County Manager Wanda Greene, according to information from the N.C. State Bureau of Investigation. Xpress has received information from two credible sources …

Buncombe bars get the OK for early alcohol sales on Sundays – WLOS

Buncombe bars get the OK for early alcohol sales on Sundays
Guardians should bring their photo identification and the photo identification for each student receiving supplies. If you are in need of supplies for your child but cannot attend, contact Eblen Charities. Some organizations outside of Buncombe County

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